Saturday, 27 June 2015

Macedonia: The Land Of Alexander The Great

Macedonia, officially the Republic of Macedonia, is a country located in the central Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. It is one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, from which it declared independence in 1991. It became a member of the United Nations in 1993, but, as a result of an ongoing dispute with Greece over use of the name Macedonia, it was admitted under the provisional description of "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" abbreviated as FYROM.

A landlocked country, the Republic of Macedonia is bordered by Kosovo to the northwest, Serbia to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, and Albania to the west. It constitutes approximately the northwestern third of the larger geographical region of Macedonia, which also comprises the neighbouring parts of northern Greece and a smaller portion in southwestern Bulgaria. The country's capital is Skopje, with 506,926 inhabitants according to the 2002 census.

Other cities include Bitola, Kumanovo, Prilep, Tetovo, Ohrid, Veles, Štip, Kočani, Gostivar, Kavadarci, and Strumica. It has over 50 lakes, plus sixteen mountains higher than 2,000 m (6,562 ft). Macedonia is a member of the UN and of the Council of Europe. Since December 2005 it has also been a candidate for joining the European Union and has applied for NATO membership.
The currency is Macedonian Denar (MKD).

Some interesting facts are:
1. There are (supposed) parts of the cross on which Jesus was crucified in the foundations of the monasteries of St. Bogodorica Prechista in Kichevo, and St. Jovan Bigorski and St. Georgij Pobedonosec in Debar.

2. According to NASA, Kokino is the fourth oldest astronomic observatory in the world; with the oldest three being Abu Simbel, Egypt; Stonehenge, Great Britain; and Angkor Wat, Cambodia. Kokino is located approximately 30 km from the town of Kumanovo, and about 6 km from the Serbian border.

3. Ohrid Lake is the oldest and one of the deepest lakes in Europe (max depth 288m or 940ft). It is estimated 4 million years old and has 200 endemic species that haven’t been found at any other place in the world. It was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1979.

4. Macedonia is the only country that got independence from Yugoslavia without shedding a single drop of blood. It remained entirely at peace at the heat of Yugoslav wars in early 1990s and got independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.

5. It has more number of mountains and mountain peaks than any other country in the world. The country has as many as 34 mountain peaks, each with a height of more than 2,000 meters above the sea-level; with Mount Golem Karb being the highest at 2,753 meters above sea-level. Most peaks in Macedonia have never been visited by people.

6. The Millennium Cross is a 66 metre-high cross situated on the top of the Vodno Mountain in Skopje, and it is the biggestcross in the world. It was constructed to serve as a memorial of 2,000 years of Christianity in Macedonia and the world.

7. Macedonia is the birth land of Mother Teresa.

8. Macedonia is the first country in the world to have full access to wireless broadband.

9. Macedonia is famous for its 10 million years old ‘Stone Town’ – Kuklica, in the Kratovo region. The town has 120 stone figures, reaching heights of 10 metres.

10. Outside the capital city, Skopje, is a place called Matka, which literally means ‘womb’. It is named after Mother Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ and is solely dedicated to mothers giving new births and maintaining legacies generations after generations.

11. Alexander the Great, who was king of the former Kingdom of Macedonia, was the first world-size conqueror who extended his empire across Greece and Persia to India and Egypt. During his time, the Kingdom of Macedonia was the most powerful state in the world; but after his death, the empire fell apart and it became the first Roman province in 146 B.C.

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Some beautiful places are:

For tourism details visit: +exploremacedonia


Thursday, 25 June 2015

Kosovo: The Land Of Freedom

Kosovo is a disputed territory and partially recognized state  in Southeastern Europe that declared its independence from Serbia in February 2008 as the Republic of Kosovo. While Serbia recognizes the Republic's governance of the territory, it still continues to claim it as its own Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija. As such, it is considered by many countries as a disputed territory.

Kosovo is landlocked in the central Balkan Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Pristina. It is bordered by the Republic of Macedonia and Albania to the south, Montenegro to the west, and the uncontested territory of Serbia to the north and east. In antiquity, the Dardanian Kingdom, and later the Roman province of Dardania was located in the region. It was part of Serbia in the Middle Ages, and many consider the Battle of Kosovo of 1389 to be one of the defining moments in Serbian medieval history. After being part of the Ottoman Empire from the 15th to the early 20th century, in the late 19th century Kosovo became the centre of the Albanian independence movement with the League of Prizren. As a result of the defeat in the First Balkan War (1912–13), the Ottoman Empire ceded the Vilayet of Kosovo to the Balkan League; the Kingdom of Serbia took its larger part, while the Kingdom of Montenegro annexed the western part before both countries became a part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia after World War I.

After a period of Yugoslav Unitarianism in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, the post-World War II Yugoslav constitution established the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija within the Yugoslav constituent republic of Serbia. The capital and largest city is Pristina. The currency is Euro (€)(EUR).

Some interesting facts are:
1. Kosovo is a small landlocked nation which has more than fifty percent of its population under poverty line. It isn’t that this country lacks natural resources; it’s just that these natural resources remain untapped. Agriculture forms the backbone of Kosovo’s economy.

2. Kosovo stands as one of the poorest European economies in the world with more than 16% of population being unemployed.

3. It is believed that Kosovo has reserves of approximately, 14,000 billion tonnes of lignite.

4. Education is also a problem in Kosovo due to insufficient funding and classroom space.

5. Health is also an issue in this new country. According to the recent ‘World Health Organization’ report, infant mortality is at 3.5 % and is higher than Kosovo’s neighboring countries.

6. Kosovo has the highest morbidity rates in Europe in terms of diseases transmitted by water.

7. Gjeravica is the highest peak in the country rising 8,714 feet above sea level.

8. You can smoke anywhere/anytime.

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Some beautiful places are:

For tourism details visit: +Kosvo

Monday, 22 June 2015

Montenegro: "Black Mountain, Black Lake, Black Forest"

Montenegro,is a sovereign state in Southeastern Europe. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the south-west and is bordered by Croatia to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast, and Albania to the south-east. Its capital and largest city is Podgorica, while Cetinje is designated as the Prijestonica, meaning the former Royal Capital City.

In the 9th century, there were three principalities on the territory of Montenegro: Duklja, roughly corresponding to the southern half, Travunia, the west, and Rascia, the north. In 1042, archon Stefan Vojislav led a revolt that resulted in the independence of Duklja and the establishment of the Vojislavljević dynasty. Duklja reached its zenith under Vojislav's son, Mihailo (1046–81), and his grandson Bodin (1081–1101). By the 13th century, Zeta had replaced Duklja when referring to the realm. In the late 14th century, southern Montenegro (Zeta) came under the rule of the Balšić noble family, then the Crnojević noble family, and by the 15th century, Zeta was more often referred to as Crna Gora (Venetian: monte negro).

Large portions fell under the control of the Ottoman Empire from 1496 to 1878. Parts were controlled by Venice. From 1515 until 1851 the prince-bishops (vladikas) of Cetinje were the rulers. The House of Petrović-Njegoš ruled until 1918. From 1918, it was a part of Yugoslavia. On the basis of an independence referendum held on 21 May 2006, Montenegro declared independence on 3 June of that year. The currency is Euro (€) (EUR).

Some interesting facts are:
1. The country of Montenegro does not require tourists to hold tourist visas. However, it is a must for people who work in the country to hold and renew their work visas.

2. Skadar/Scadar/Scutari Lake is located in the so called Zeta-Skadar valley, with the size of 391km2, it is the larges lake on the Balkan Peninsula.

3. Crvena Stijena by the village Petrovici near Niksic is one of the oldest cultural and historical monuments and also one of the most important archeological sites in Europe. The cave is unique in the world because of numerous cultural horizons it contains.

4. Perast is one of the most beautiful little places in Boka Bay. Perast is a wonderful old town, with wonderful old architecture.

5. Mountain of Lovcen rises above the coastal region and is the backdrop of the city of Kotor. This mountainous region plays an important role in the consciousness of Montenegrin people. Lovcen is a symbol of state and national identity.

6. Pelicans and flamingos have been visiting Montenegro long before any tourists started flying in.

7. At 1300 metres deep, the Grand Canyon of Tara River is actually the deepest canyon in Europe and second largest in the world after the Colorado canyon in the USA. Not just a humbling sight, but also a highly recommended for white knuckle rafting.

For more facts visit:

Some beautiful places are:

For tourism details visit: +See Montenegro +Visit Montenegro +Montenegro Travel

Friday, 19 June 2015

Romania: One Of The Largest Gypsy Populations In Europe

Romania is a unitary semi-presidential republic located in Southeastern-Central Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine. It also borders Hungary, Serbia, and Moldova. It covers 238,391 square kilometers and has a temperate-continental climate. With its 19.9 million inhabitants, it is the seventh most populous member of the European Union. Its capital and largest city, Bucharest, is the sixth largest city in the EU.

The River Danube, which is Europe's second longest river after the Volga, rises in Germany and flows southeastwards for a distance of 2,857 km course through ten countries before emptying in Romania's Danube Delta. Some of its 1,075 km length bordering the country drains the whole of it. The Carpathian Mountains (the tallest peak is Moldoveanu at 2,544 m, 8346 ft) cross Romania from the north to the southwest. The currency is Romanian Leu (RON).

Some interesting facts are:
1. Romania’s 10-bani note issued in 1917 is the smallest paper money ever printed (dimensions: 1.08 x 1.49 in).

2. The city of Brasov is home to the largest Gothic church between Vienna, Austria and Istanbul, Turkey.

3. Europe’s second largest underground glacier, the Scarisoara glacier, is found underneath the Bihor Mountains in Romania. It has a volume of 75,000 cubic meters and has existed for more than 3,500 years.

4. The archetypal vampire Count Dracula, created by Bram Stoker, was inspired by the Romanian prince Vlad Tepes, also known as Vlad the Impaler because he was fond of impaling his enemies and standing them along the roads.

5. Timisoara was also the first European city to introduce horse-drawn trams, also in 1869.

6. The tallest wooden church in the world, and the second tallest wooden structure in Europe, can be found in Sapanta Peri, Maramures of northwestern Romania. It has a 23 foot tall cross that weighs 1,000 lbs, on top of the 257 foot tall church.

7. The Danube to Black Sea canal in southeast Romania, is world’s third longest man-made navigation route, after the Suez and the Panama Canals.

8. The statue of Dacian king Decebal, carved in the rocky bank of the Danube river, is the tallest rock sculpture in Europe (135 feet tall).

9. The Romanian Palace of Parliament in Bucharest is the second largest building in the world, next only to the Pentagon in the United States.

10. Its official. Romania has the most beautiful waterfall in the world. Bigar Cascade Falls in Caras-Severin it’s been voted as number one by The World Geography.

For more facts visit:

Some beautiful places are:

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